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Thyroid disorders

Thyroid disorders encompass a range of medical conditions affecting the thyroid gland, a vital butterfly shaped organ in the neck that plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including metabolism, energy production, growth, and the function of other organs. Here are some common types of thyroid disorders:

  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormones, leading to symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, and depression.
  • Hyperthyroidism: The opposite of hypothyroidism, characterized by excessive production of thyroid hormones, resulting in symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, weight loss, anxiety, and heat sensitivity.
  • Graves’ Disease: An autoimmune disorder causing hyperthyroidism, often associated with bulging eyes, enlarged thyroid (goiter), and skin changes.
  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: An autoimmune disorder leading to inflammation of the thyroid gland and eventual hypothyroidism, causing fatigue, weight gain, and mood changes.
  • Thyroid Nodules: Abnormal growths within the thyroid gland, which can be benign or cancerous and may affect hormone production.

Thyroid disorders can result in hormonal imbalances that can have a significant impact on overall health. They influence metabolism, energy levels, weight, mood, cardiovascular health, digestion, reproduction, skin, hair, bone health, temperature regulation, and cognitive function.

What does Chinese Medicine say

In Chinese medicine, thyroid health is closely related to the balance of Qi (vital energy), Yin and Yang, and the harmonious functioning of various organ systems.

  • The Spleen and Kidney organ systems are often emphasized for supporting thyroid health. A well-functioning Spleen is believed to aid in the transformation of nutrients and the production of Qi and Blood, which contribute to overall energy levels. The Kidney system, particularly Kidney Yang, is associated with metabolism and energy production.
  • Thyroid imbalances may also be attributed to disruptions in Yin and Yang equilibrium. Hypothyroidism, for example, could be linked to a deficiency of Yang energy.
  • The concept of Kidney Essence (Jing) is central to TCM. It is considered the fundamental substance that supports growth, development, and vitality. Nourishing Kidney Essence is essential for maintaining overall health, including thyroid function.

In perspective of Nutrition

Scientific research highlights the importance of nutrition in supporting thyroid health, especially when certain nutrients are essential for thyroid hormone production and overall thyroid health.

Research indicates a significant relationship between thyroid disorders and gut health. The gut microbiota, composed of trillions of microorganisms, plays a crucial role in maintaining gut function and overall health. Emerging scientific evidence suggests that imbalances in the gut microbiota can influence thyroid function and may contribute to the development or exacerbation of thyroid disorders, particularly autoimmune thyroid diseases.

Focusing on nutrition to address thyroid issues while focusing on gut health offers a promising avenue for comprehensive care. The symbiotic relationship between the gut microbiome and thyroid function underscores the significance of a well-balanced diet. Incorporating dietary strategies that nurture both systems can yield multifaceted benefits like microbiome diversity and inflammation.


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